Signs and symptoms 

Dementia is not a normal part of ageing

Dementia is the outcome of an undiagnosed brain disease, causing physical changes in the brain.

You can't see dementia. Over time, changes can affect things like memory, thinking, communication skills, behaviours and moods.


Symptoms vary and gradually get worse. Dementia destroys our brain cells and the connections between them. How quickly and in what way is very different for each person.



There are hundreds of different types of dementia although by far the most common are Alzheimer's Disease, Vascular Dementia, LewyBody Dementia, Fronto-temporal Dementia and Alcohol Induced Dementia.

Some common symptoms and behaviour include:

  • Subtle short-term memory changes

  • Repeating statements or questions

  • Difficulty performing familiar tasks

  • Difficulty handling money

  • Loss of initiative

  • Impaired judgement

  • Disorientation of time and place

  • Personality changes

  • Changes in mood or behaviour

  • Problems with language

  • Deterioration in driving skills

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